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چهارشنبه 22 آذر 1396

 

Human rights the key massage of Islam

Islam is the religion of peace, tolerance, equality and treats human being with high dignity and honor. In Quran we read Allah address human being as “O People”, “O you men”,”O children of Adam” or sometime address as “O people! Be care full of your duty to your lord, who created you from a single being and created its mate of the same kind and spread from these two, many men and women

And do not mix up the truth with falsehood, nor hide the truth while you know (it). {1}

Islam is the religion of peace, tolerance, equality and treats human being with high dignity and honor. In Quran we read Allah address human being as “O People”, “O you men”,”O children of Adam” or sometime address as “O people! Be care full of your duty to your lord, who created you from a single being and created its mate of the same kind and spread from these two, many men and women,” {2}

Islam teaches us to treat mankind as gift of Allah and Human beings as descendents of Allah, Islam recognizes only one quality of human beings that is to be careful of their duties to their lord. Islam not only respects the life of a human being but life of an animal and bird is also precious and killing of an animal as a game, joy or entertainment has been forbidden by Islam, and has mentioned place of such person in hell. About killing a believer has said:

“And whoever kills a believer intestinally, his punishment is hell; he shall abide in it, and Allah will sent his wrath on him and curse him and prepares for him a painful chastisement.” {3}.

Islam has not only mentioned punishment of a killer for the day of resurrection only but for this world also:

“And do not kill anyone whom Allah has forbidden except for a just cause, and whoever is slain unjustly, we have indeed given to his heir authority, so let not exceed the just limits in slaying, surely he is aided.”{4}.

Islam has considered the blood of human beings very pious and respectful and killing of innocent human being is equal to kill entire human beings:

“if any one slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if h e saved the life of the whole people. Then although there came to them Our apostles with clear signs, yet, even after that, many of them continued to commit excesses in the land.”{5}

There is no discrimination between killing adults and children, the crime is same.

“And do not kill your children for fear of poverty; we give them sustenance and yourselves [too] surely to kill them is a great wrong.” {6}

Holly prophet [PBUH] in that speech, which he delivered in his last year of life in MINA, Said:
O peoples your blood and wealth is forbidden to each other till the day of resurrection. [7].
IBN- E- ABAS says in the period of Holly prophet [PBUH] somebody was killed in MADINA but killer was unidentified, when this news was heard by Holly prophet [PBUH] he went on MEMBER and said:

If the people living on earth and space will participate in killing of a human being Allah will punish all of them.”[8].

Islam never differentiates between Muslims and non-Muslims in their right of living. A Muslim can’t be against a non-Muslim until he (non Muslim) will come forefront to offend Islam and Muslims. When a non-Muslim doesn’t want to hurt the sentiments of Islam and Muslims, Islam guarantees agreements with him and his protection of life, Honor, dignity, wealth, Faith and care of his belongings.

The Holly prophet [PBUH] said:
Whosoever will act against mutual agreement will never smell the perfume of heaven. [9].

And also said:
Whosoever will kill an AHL -E- ZEMAH [a non Muslim living with Muslims in no way wants to offend Islam and Muslims] Allah has forbidden heaven upon him forever. [10].

Human rights are key massage of Islam therefore Law of retaliation is there to secure the peaceful society:

“And we prescribed to them in it that life is for life, and eye for eye, and tooth for tooth, and [that there is] reprisal in wounds; but he who foregoes it, it shall be an expiation for him, and whoever did not judge by what Allah revealed, these are they that are the unjust.” {11}.

“And there is life for you in the law of retaliation men of understanding that you may guard yourselves.” {12}.

Here I want to conclude this topic [Islam and Human Rights], which is a very vast subject .So for as my little study, is concern Islam is only religion that has defended the rights of Human beings with top priority. Here I will never hesitate to say that as per saying of Islam anyone who violates the basic rights of human beings doesn’t have the right to proclaim as follower of Islam.

May Allah help us to practice the guidelines of Holly QURAN and follow the footprints of Holly prophet [PBUH] and his progeny [AS].
Wasalam Alikum
Abdulhussain Kashmiri
Ref: -
1 Quran; 2: 42
2 Quran; 4: 1
3 Quran; 4: 93
4 Quran; 17: 33
5 Quran; 5: 32
6 Quran; 17:31
7 SERAH IBNE HESHAM Vol. 2 p 603
8 HAQOOQ AL INSAN p57
9 HAQOOQ AL INSAN p57
10 HAQOOQ AL INSAN p57
11 Quran; 5: 45
12Quran; 2: 17912


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